- Last Updated: 20 January 2016 20 January 2016
ME/CFS often appears similar to several different and distinct illnesses. The following section will assist patients and health care providers distinguish other illnesses from ME/CFS. It is critical not to misdiagnose ME/CFS as another illness, nor diagnose another illness as ME/CFS.
See pages 14-16 of the ME/CFS: A Primer for Clinical Practitioners for an overview of what clinicians should be considering as differential diagnoses. The most common conditions confused with ME/CFS are listed below, with descriptions in "patient" language.
ME/CFS and Fibromyalgia
ME/CFS and Multiple Sclerosis
ME/CFS and Chronic Lyme Disease
American Lyme Disease Foundation —ALDF is active in media outreach, education (medical and public) and research programs.
Lyme Disease Association (LDA)— Organization dedicated to Lyme Disease education, prevention, and the raising of research funds.Various educational brochures and primers available at their website.
Lyme Disease Network (LymeNET)—Comprehensive website offering online library, listing of national support groups, and a user forum.
ME/CFS and Chiari Malformation
ME/CFS and Psychiatric Disorders
See pages 16-17 of the ME/CFS: A Primer for Clinical Practitioners.
On the Morbid Fascination with Psychiatric Morbidity by Dr. Alan Gurwitt, a pioneer ME/CFS psychiatrist, who clearly explains the distinctions between ME/CFS and psychiatric illnesses.
ME/CFS and Multiple Chemical Sensitivities
American Academy of Environmental Medicine—A physician's organization—you can search for members who practice environmental medicine in your area.
Chemical Injury Information Network—Provides information and referral to members; publishes a monthly newsletter. Maintains a library on chemical injury.
Human Ecology Action League, Inc.—Information clearinghouse with chapters and support groups around the country.
Massachusetts Association for the Chemically Injured (MACI)—Information, referral and support for people with MCS. Also holds monthly meetings and publishes a newsletter.
Multiple Chemical Sensitivities Referrals and Resources—A wealth of information for patients and health care providers.
National Center for Environmental Health Strategies—Focuses on initiating change and empowering the public with hard data, such as medical, legal, and policy information. Provides information on gaining accommodations at work and school.
ME/CFS and Mitochondrial Disease
ME/CFS and Sjögren's Syndrome